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時間:2022-08-15 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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Textbooks for China's vocational education to be compiled******

BEIJING, Dec. 13 (Xinhua) -- Around 10,000 types of textbooks for vocational education programs will be compiled during China's 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025), the Ministry of Education (MOE) said Monday.。

An action plan released by the MOE highlighted the task of compiling vocational education textbooks in fields including domestic services, infant care and nursing for the elderly.。

Vocational schools and colleges are encouraged to forge cooperation with universities, research institutes and leading businesses on the compilation work, according to the action plan, noting that the textbooks are expected to contain the latest technology and standards for specific industries.。

It added that the contents of the textbooks should be updated on a yearly basis and revised every three years. Enditem。

Interview: China has enough experience to successfully host Winter Olympics******

KIEV, Dec. 16 (Xinhua) -- China has enough experience to successfully host the 2022 Winter Olympics, which will be essential to overcoming challenges and strengthening cohesion around the world, said Sergey Bubka, president of the National Olympic Committee (NOC) of Ukraine.。

"China has a very big experience to host the Olympic Games. You have great facilities, you have experience, you know what to do," Bubka told Xinhua in an interview on Wednesday, adding that the Olympic Games belongs to all of humanity and is beyond politics, religion and borders.。

"Doesn't matter [whether there are] political interests, religions, no borders, we are human beings. And through the Olympics, through Olympic ideals we bring everyone together," he said.。

The Beijing 2022 Olympic Winter Games will be an important instrument to express the solidarity of global society against the COVID-19 pandemic, Bubka said.。

"I think at this time, in COVID time, it's really important to have the Olympic Games," said the NOC head.。

According to Bubka, Beijing 2022 will send a positive message to the world that humanity will overcome the pandemic through joint efforts.。

"We will overcome this challenge of COVID-19 and of course we must be together," Bubka noted.。

Speaking on Ukraine's plans for the Beijing 2022 Olympics, Bubka disclosed that final preparations are well underway.。

"It is a very important period for athletes, who are preparing for the Beijing Olympic Games. Of course, they do training, they start competition already, this period is important for our athletes to qualify for the Olympic Games," he said.。

According to Bubka, Ukraine expects to send a 100-member delegation, including 40 to 46 athletes, to Beijing.。

"We are strong in biathlon and freestyle. We will see what our athletes will achieve," he said.。

Bubka, who was the 1988 men's pole vault Olympic champion, said he had visited China many times and had been impressed by the beauty of the country and the friendliness of the Chinese people.。

"I'd like to wish the Chinese people to enjoy the Games. The Olympic Games is very important for China and important for Asia to develop winter sports," Bubka said, while stressing the significance of the Games for the whole world.。

"The Games is very important for the world, because the Olympics unites everyone, brings everyone together, to show a strong message to the people all over the world that we can live in peace, we can be together," Bubka said. Enditem。

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South Korea pardons disgraced ex******

South Korea has pardoned disgraced ex-President Park Geun-hye, the justice minister said on Friday, in a dramatic reprieve for the former leader who was jailed for 20 years in a sprawling corruption scandal.。

Park was on a list of people receiving special amnesty, and "pardon was granted to heal social conflicts and restore the local community," Park Beom-kye told reporters.。

控制高血压,是说24小时都要正常么,活动时血压超标可以么******

原标题:控制高血压,是说24小时都要正常么,活动时血压超标可以么

有人问华子,高血压患者的血压,是需要控制在一天中24小时都要达标么?如果活动时超标了怎么办?华子说,人的血压有自然节律性,正常的血压会有“两峰一谷”的现象,控制血压的目标,就是要把血压的峰值降至正常。从这个角度来看,如果血压峰值降至正常,那么全天24小时的血压都应在正常范围内。

一、控制血压需要峰值达标

正常人的血压在每天的上午6~8点,以及下午的15~17点,会有两个血压高峰,在午夜24点至凌晨2点左右又会降至最低。这是人体为了适应白天活动夜间睡眠的生物规律,而做出的调节。血压的峰值与低值相差10%,不会超过20mmHg。在静息情况下,人体血压的正常峰值并不会超过140/90mmHg

但部分高血压患者以及年龄较大的老年人,会失去血压“两峰一谷”的自然节律,或是血压波动剧烈,昼夜血压的变化范围超过20mmHg,达到40~50mmHg。只要静息时血压在峰值时超过140/90mmHg,就可以确诊为高血压

有一些高血压患者平时血压正常,只有峰值期会升高。当他们发生心、脑、肾、眼底及血管等器官损伤时,通常会一脸诧异的问医生,自己没有高血压怎么也会患这些病?就是因为他们的血压峰值期发生在医院正常开诊以外的时间,造成了漏诊。

所以华子建议高血压患者,或是有高血压危险因素的人,在检测血压时,尽量做24小时的动态血压监测。或是在家庭备一个上臂式的电子血压计,进行多次自测。不仅可以确定自己是否患有高血压,还可以掌握自身的血压规律,方便服药治疗。要注意的是,家庭自测的血压超过或是等于135/85mmHg,即可确诊为高血压

二、活动时的血压会升高

有人问华子,一天24时小时人在不停的活动,只要有血压升高就算高血压么?华子告诉他并不是这样,人在运动、激动、紧张、焦虑、恐惧时,血压会都升高。测量血压时,应当去除以上因素的影响。

人体的收缩压是由心输出量所决定,当人体在运动时,心率加快,心输出量加大,血压自然会升高。正常状态下,人在运动的时候,收缩压会升高20~30mmHg。而且人在运动时小动脉扩张,外周阻力下降,所以舒张压不变或是略低

人在运动后测量血压,收缩压升到160~170mmHg,舒张压不变或是略低,是正常的情况。如果收缩压高于200mmHg,或是舒张压高于90mmHg,那就有可能是高血压了。坚持长期中等强度的运动,对控制血压有利。但如果血压达到了180/110mmHg,并且不受控制,就要避免中等强度以上的运动,以免诱发脑出血或是动脉夹层等疾病。

短期或是偶尔的情绪不良,所影响的血压不会发生问题。但如果长期情绪不良,也会导致高血压。这种情况在中青年人群比较常见,也就是高压正常,低压升高的单纯舒张性高血压。这是高血压的初期阶段,长期不加控制就会进展为经典性高血压,造成各种器官的损伤。所以中青年人在发现单纯低压升高时,要尽早控制。

综上所述,对血压的控制是要求静息时的峰值血压达标,也可以简单的理解为24小时的静息血压都需要达标。高血压患者应加强血压自测,并做好记录,掌握自己血压的“时间密码”,这对用药和日常活动安排都非常的重要。血压如果不能控制正常者,就要避免进行中等强度的活动。使用药品时,应在医生的指导之下,用药过程中发现问题,请及时咨询医生或是药师。我是药师华子,欢迎关注我,让我成为你身边的药剂师。

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